Political Map of the European and African theater during WWII. Red are Axis controlled lead by Germany, blue are Allied territories, gray are (officially) neutral (and light blue is ocean ;) Emphasis is on Malta and Gibraltar as two key allied links in the Mediterranean Area. Map shows the greatest sphere of Axis influence around 1943. Front lines are not always precise, as the war was waging back-and-forth, but the big picture is correct. The political boundaries are modern.